Kain Tenun Ikat Khas Sumba Timur

(Berita Daerah – Balnustra) Keragaman budaya Indonesia menjadi daya tarik bagi wisatawan mancanegara, hal itu telah menjadi industri yang cukup menjanjikan. Salah satu industri pengerak ekonomi di Kabupaten Sumba Timur adalah kerajinan kain “Tenun Ikat”. Industri kerajinan ini sangat mendominasi industri rumah tangga di kabupaten Sumba Timur, dan banyak masyarakat yang menggantungkan hidupnya dari penghasilan kain tenun.

Industri kerajinan tenun ini merupakan tradisi dari nenek moyang dan  memiliki nilai kerajinan yang bermutu tinggi. Tenunan ini umumnya dipakai sebagai hiasan, hadiah, upacara adat, dan simbol status sosial. corakkain

Tidak diragukan lagi, memang lembaran kain dari Sumba Timur itu sungguh sangat mengagumkan.  Corak dan motifnya yang bernuansa etnik dan tradisional memiliki keindahan serta keunikan tersendiri. Cara Pembuatan kain tenun ini masih tradisional. Dibuat dengan cara ditenun secara manual, kemudian diwarnai dengan warna-warna dengan bahan dari alam.


Koleksi kain sumba biasaya dihiasi dengan motif binatang yang kerap digunakan masyarakat sumba untuk menggambarkan kehidupan mereka. Motif yang digunakan dalam kain Sumba buatan Umbu Agung bermacam-macam seperti kuda nil, cumi-cumi, buaya, ikan dan manusia yang membentuk komposisi yang apik dan rumit. Setiap motifya memiliki nilai-nilai religius dan moral.


Cumi-cumi misalnya, dimaknai sebagai lambang gotong royong karena memiliki memiliki tentakel yang banyak, sedangkan buaya simbol bangsawan raja atau penguasa. Kain tenun Sumba memang sarat dengan binatang sebagai simbol, berbeda dengan kain tenun Sumba Barat yang menonjolkan kesederhanaan.

Proses pembuatan kain ini bisa mencapai bulanan karena proses pewarnaannya yang cukup rumit. Karena itu tidak heran harga selembar kain ini biasanya menjadi jutaan dan harganya cukup mahal. Penggarapan kain tenun yang dibuat sangat detil dan rumit, telah menunjukan bahwa  kain tenun tersebut bukanlah kain yang biasa saja tapi nilai seni yang bernilai tinggi. Kain tenun Sumba nampak awet, kuat dan warnannya cemerlang.

Berkunjung ke Sumba Timur akan terasa kurang lengkap, jika kita tidak membeli kain Tenun sebagai oleh-oleh. Selain memajukan perekonomian masyarakat setempat, tentunya kita juga telah turut melestarikan dan menghargai kebudayaan asli Indonesia.

Editor : Eni Ariyanti
Image : bd


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