Pemanfaatan Gelombang Laut Menjadi Energi Terbarukan

Bagi Indonesia yang memiliki luas perairan laut hampir 60% dari luas wilayahnya, pemanfaatan sumber energi terbarukan yang berasal dari lautan sangatlah mungkin dilakukan untuk bisa menggantikan ketergantungan terhadap bahan bakar fosil.

Pemanfaatan energi laut untuk kebutuhan listrik sebenarnya bisa dilakukan melalui 3 cara yakni dengan memanfaatkan gelombang, arus hingga perbedaan suhu lapisan lautnya (Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion atau OTEC). Perbedaan temperatur antara permukaan yang hangat dengan air laut dalam yang dingin dibutuhkan minimal sebesar 77 derajat Fahrenheit (25 °C) agar dapat dimanfaatkan untuk membangkitkan listrik dengan baik.

Energi gelombang laut merupakan energi yang bersih dan tidak menggunakan bahan bakar. Indonesia diperkirakan memiliki potensi energi terbarukan dari gelombang laut sebesar 60.000 WW. Potensi tersebut tersebar di semua wilayah Indonesia dan dapat menguatkan industri nasional.

Yohan/Jurnalis/VM/BD
Editor : Riris Juanita

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