Pemprov Sulsel Tingkatkan Produksi Sepuluh Komoditi Unggulan

(Berita Daerah – Sulawesi) Dinas Perkebunan Sulawesi Selatan (Sulsel) terus mengupayakan peningkatan produksi sepuluh komoditi perkebunan seperti kakao, kelapa, kopi, cengkeh, sawit, lada, pala, jambu mete, tebu (gula) dan tembakau.

Mengutip dari laman sulselprov.go.id, Selasa (14/2), Kepala Dinas Perkebunan Sulsel Firdaus Hasan, mengungkapkan bahwa di tahun 2017 ini. Firdaus menargetkan produksi kakao sebanyak 276.000 ton, kelapa 82.342 ton, kopi 40.560 ton, cengkeh 17.650 ton, dan sawit 44.265 ton. Sedangkan, produksi lada ditargetkan 6.425 ton, pala 530 ton, jambu mete 22.150 ton, tebu (gula) 36.120 ton, dan tembakau 2.555 ton.

Firdaus mengatakan bahwa luas areal tanaman perkebunan Sulsel berkisar 690.283 hektare, dan 95 persen diantaranya atau sekitar 656.067 hektare merupakan perkebunan rakyat. Sisanya adalah perkebunan besar swasta dan negara.

Beberapa persoalan yang seringkali dihadapi dalam peningkatan produksi komoditi perkebunan antara lain produksi, produktifitas dan mutu hasil yang rendah. Belum semua bahan tanaman yang ditanam petani direkomendasikan oleh pemerintah atau tidak disertifikasi, adanya serangan hama dan penyakit, tanaman sudah tua dan rusak, anomali iklim, hingga penerapan Good Agriculture Practies (GAP), Good Manufacturing Practies (GMP), dan Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) yang kurang diperhatikan.

Penanganan permasalah tersebut dapat diatasi dengan beberapa strategi yang dikeluarkan oleh Dinas Perkebunan yaitu mulai dari hulu hingga ke hilir. Di sektor off farm hulu misalnya, ada pembangunan kebun sumber benih dan entrys yang bersertifikat dan pembangunan teknologi perbenihan. Selanjutnya, dilakukan peningkatan produksi dan produktifitas melalui intensifikasi, ekstensifikasi, peremajaan, rehabilitasi, optimalisasi, dan diversifikasi. Dilakukan pula pengendalian Organisme Pengganggu Tanaman (OPT) dan penerapan GAP.  Upaya lainnya adalah peningkatan mutu romosi dan pemasaran, serta penerapan GMP, dan HACCP.

Sementara untuk penunjangnya, maka perlu dilakukan pengawalan pengembangan kelembagaan usaha, SDM, dan permodalan, hingga peningkatan kualitas dan kuantitas sarana prasarana. Selain pengembangan sepuluh komoditi unggulan tersebut, Firdaus mengatakan bahwa ada pula integrasi komoditas jagung di lahan perkebunan. Yang targetnya 75.100 hektare dengan sasaran luas panen 71.345 hektare dan sasaran produksi 3.210.525 ton.

Dengan begitu, peningkatan produksi sepuluh komoditi bahkan ada tambahan satu komoditi lainnya akan menambah pendapatan bagi masyarakat Sulsel. Dengan begitu penambahan produksi membuka peluang pekerjaan.

Lea/Journalist/BD
Editor : Lenny Ambarita
Image : Sulselprov

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