Perlunya Organisasi Development Fund Bagi Daerah

Setiap pemimpin daerah memiliki harapan untuk kemajuan tanah kelahirannya, seorang putra daerah yang hendak mengabdi bagi daerahnya menyampaikan kepada saya hingga menitikkan air mata, bagaimana ia ingin daerahnya maju seperti daerah lain. Ungkapan ini hampir saya jumpai dibanyak pemimpin daerah ketika mereka mengungkapkan apa yang paling penting bagi daerahnya. Bentuk kemajuan yang diungkapkan bermacam-macam, harapan agar petani di daerahnya menjadi mandiri, dan tidak hanya menjual hasil mentah. Harapan agar pariwisata bertumbuh pesat merupakan mimpi banyak pemimpin daerah, sebab keindahan Indonesia tidak diragukan lagi. Harapan agar nelayan tidak hanya hidup dengan menjala ikan saja, namun memiliki sea farming, hingga perusahaan pengolahan ikan sendiri. Harapan agar pemuda-pemuda tidak serta merta meninggalkan kampungnya ketika masuk usia mahasiswa, sebab tidak ada lagi kampus di kabupaten/kotanya. Harapan-harapan ini menjadi bahasa yang terucap disetiap perjumpaan dengan para pemimpin daerah.

Saya sering menyederhanakan hal ini dengan menyimpulkannya menjadi satu atau dua indikator ekonomi puncak sebagai tujuan utama sebuah daerah. Mengambil contoh Visi Indonesia 2030 yang pernah disusun Ikatan Sarjana Ekonomi Indonesia (ISEI) maka pendapatan perkapita menjadi tolok ukur kesejehateraan rakyat, dan saat ditelusuri ke dasarnya indikator ini akan berasal dari pertumbuhan produktifitas setiap sektor di daerah masing-masing. Biro Pusat Statistik (BPS) membagi sektor-sektor ini menjadi 9 pengelompokan sektor yaitu: Pertanian, Peternakan, Kehutanan dan Perikanan; Pertambangan dan Penggalian; Industri Pengolahan; Listrik, Gas dan Air Bersih ; Konstruksi; Perdagangan, Hotel dan Restoran; Pengangkutan dan Komunikasi; Keuangan, Real Estate dan Jasa Perusahaan; Jasa-jasa termasuk jasa pelayanan pemerintah. Setiap sektor tersebut dirinci lagi menjadi sub-sub sektor.

Model ini tentunya akan dengan cepat mengkalkulasi beberapa kebutuhan investasi yang diperlukan, dalam pendekatan Incremental Capital Output Ratio, saat setiap besaran output dapat ditentukan, maka besaran input atau investasi yang diperlukan akan dapat dengan mudah dihitung. Sekalipun penghitungan ini masih bersifat makro, namun sebagai panduan pendekatan ini dapat menjadi pegangan para pemimpin daerah, dengan kelengkapan tahapan sampai ketingkat mikro. Sesudah besaran investasi yang diperlukan bisa dihitung, baik di tingkat daerah secara aggregate maupun sektoral, yang diperlukan sekarang adalah menterjemahkannya dalam portfolio yang sudah mendekati kesesuaian dengan lapangan. Dari pengalaman saya, banyak daerah tidak mempunyai dana untuk melakukan stimulasi pembangunan, jika melihat catatan pemerintah untuk pendanaan infrastruktur, maka pemerintah hanya sanggup membiayai 60 persen dari total anggaran infrastruktur hingga 2019 sebesar Rp. 4.700 triliun, sisanya dibutuhkan peran swasta untuk ikut menanggungnya.

Mimpi dan harapan daerah untuk memiliki daerah yang maju menghadapi tantangan dengan kebutuhan dana pembangunan yang tidak dapat dipenuhi dari anggaran pemerintah. Saya setuju dengan ide untuk membentuk organisasi pengumpul dana pembangunan (development fund organization). Organisasi ini akan menjadi jembatan untuk mewujudkan mimpi-mimpi daerah, ibarat ada perhelatan besar, maka organisasi ini berfungsi sebagai pengumpul dana yang menyebabkan semua dapat berjalan. Fungsinya akan seperti Investment Bank, yang memiliki sumber-sumber dana untuk pembangunan dan mengalirkannya kepada portfolio investasi yang menghasilkan dan mempercepat pertumbuhan sektoral. Sebelum mimpi pemimpin daerah terwujud, mulailah dengan membangun organisasi development fund, menyusunnya seperti menyusun sebuah bank. Organisasi ini tidak menggantikan fungsi Bank Pembangunan Daerah (BPD), namun melengkapinya, dengan lebih tajam ke sumber dana dan alokasinya ke proyek-proyek pembangunan pemerintah. BPD bisa menjadi salah satu sumber dana organisasi ini dengan memenuhi compliance standard sebuah bank. Tidak ada yang instant untuk disusun, semuanya perlu waktu dan perjuangan hingga bisa membentuknya, namun mengingat fungsinya yang sangat penting untuk mewujudkan mimpi daerah, mulailah sekarang juga, seperti motto yang sering ada di daerah “kalau bukan kita siapa lagi? kalau bukan sekarang kapan lagi?”

Fadjar 2

Penulis Fadjar Ari Dewanto adalah Advisor Lepmida (Lembaga Pengembangan Manajemen dan Investasi Daerah)

30 comments

  1. Cool, the first time I see Macarons with poppy, they are very successful and u did a great job! Congrats! I have not tried making macarons yet, seems very challenging. Personally they are rather sweet for me but I will make them when I can prepare for a larger gp.

  2. ughi know this one..If I am out for walk in my town and I see or hear ANY kind of emergency vehicle..it is all over. I may as well call 911 right then..Ladybug ladybug..is my house on fire?Family okay?The urgent texting..the whole thing!xoxo

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  4. Bonsoir, la liqueur de café nous permet d’avoir un contraste de couleur, il n’est donc pas possible de la remplacer par une autre alcool.Cependant, vous pouvez mettre : 1cl de curaçao + 3 cl de baileys + 2cl de vodka.C’est un mélange très original également .Bonne soirée

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  8. dat is in de journalistiek eigenlijk altijd zo. Je luistert altijd zo scherp als je kunt naar het verhaal van een ander. @Thera, dat doen ze nergens hoor, een aparte cameraploeg (op GeenStijl na dan misschien). Je moet alles zelf kunnen. Nu hopen dat ik het filmpje vandaag on line krijg, na het monteren en zo. @Landheha, en mijn statief werkt dus een beetje anders. Komt goed, ik ga dat op mijn gemak nog uitvogelen. Hoe de poten op de grond staan .

  9. I find it really ironic that as soon as I posted my previous comment, a spammer came along and left his crap here. Ironic because YT is trying to make this giant leap forward when it still has problems to fix… (not complaining, just noting irony, how I love it so)

  10. So you’re actually arguing it had ABSOLUTELY NOTHING to do with slavery? What’s your reasoning?Of course there were many people who fought in it on the side of the Confederacy that didn’t own slaves, and they had to be convinced somehow. That’s obvious. But why emphasize the commoners fighting for pride over the interests of the types that sent them into battle?

  11. Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a entirely different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  12. 17:57 level 2 scaled thusly: 35 ring rows (to failure), knee pushups, also pretty much to failure — form wasn’t perfect at the end, anyway.I’ve been trying to approach these a little differently recently: go as hard as possible, with absolutely perfect form. But my form often starts to go a bit squishy as I fatigue.

  13. Same Anonymous of the previous comment :DI read somewhere that Ian Somerhalder and Jensen Ackles were born the same year different months (1978) .Also Jared Padalecki and Paul Wesley were born same month,same year (July 1982) . Paul is Polish and apparently Jared has Polish connection from his fathers side too. More similarities 🙂

  14. Andrea ho capito subito che sei un capitano spinto da sapienza e umiltà espresse nella Bibbia, in quanto la Bibbia come disse Tremonti in una trasmissione televisiva parla del Giubileo etico come fine e inizio di ciclo economico senza creare traumi.Grazie mille per la capacità che esprimi a spiegare il Giubileo selvaggio creato dall’avidità umana.

  15. Hey GitteRoman wird nichts. Noch nicht. Ein Ratgeber liegt in der Schublade. Wie kann es auch sonst sein bei mir, etwas mit Märchen und Organisation.Vielleicht kriegen wir das zusammen in das richtige Format.Sollte mich freuen.Gruß Amos

  16. Thanks for the helpful post. It is also my belief that mesothelioma has an really long latency interval, which means that indication of the disease might not emerge till 30 to 50 years after the preliminary exposure to asbestos. Pleural mesothelioma, which is the most common form and impacts the area within the lungs, will cause shortness of breath, upper body pains, including a persistent coughing, which may cause coughing up blood vessels.

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  18. Robin, I look forward to seeing some reviews from you and if you get the chance you should still do the Punshon book.Maybe I am a bit over ambitious?

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  21. Interesting that you plan to cook a Thai-inspired dish. We eat in Thai restaurants in the UK, but not many attempt to make it at home. If I had that basket of goodies I would make french fish soup.

  22. Haven’t read 2 Corinthians 1-3, yet. Just leaving a note to let Mt. Zion know I arrived safe and am doing well. Thanks very much for your prayers xo

  23. ). It could be 30 years ago. Only back then they would have been wearing Ray Ban Wayfarers and protesting against the atomic power plants in nearby Shoreham as well as Indian Point (which is still running, less than 50 miles upriver from NYC). The disaster in Fukushima has given everyone around the world pause to reconsider the safety of atomic power, I hope this protest in NYC can tap into the energy that once fueled a burgeoning anti-nuclear power movement in the US.

  24. October 28, 2010 – 4:58 am I’m pretty excited by the new SERPs. It’s going to help those businesses who have invested some effort in their place pages, but I think the biggest loser might be Adwords ads. Out of the various layouts google is currently showing, is there one being shown more than others, or are they all pretty even so far?

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  26. you must have gotten a good chuckle to read that I just learned about rubbing garlic on bread. I am sure you have done it all your life! And olive paste on bread sounds like the *perfect* breakfast.

  27. é isso ai concordo com você Andressa ja fiquei com tesão quando uma garota fez isso. Olha meninos sabem o que voces fazem´pega na cintura da garota beija o pescoço dela depois sobe da um selinho depois capriche. tente fazer ela querer de novo.

  28. Je mettrais ma main au feu que ce sont ce genre d’individus qui ont eu l’idée de monter de toutes pièces le traquenart contre DSK,et il faut reconnaitre que c’est bien joué.Ils sont préts à tout pour rester au pouvoir,et continuer à se goinfrer avec les richesses du pays,pendant que le populo lutte pour ne pas crever de faim.

  29. Hi Mel, Yes my oven is fan forced and 150 degrees is actually 180 when you measure with an oven thermometer. For best results put it at 150 on the dial and then when you put them in the oven turn it down to about 130 – which will be 150 inside the oven.

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